Can We Obtain Fertile Soil From Garbage?

For millions of years, nature has created fertile soils by transforming everything that exists through microorganisms. Today, we have a process that we can do at home to reunite our fruit and vegetable waste with nature: Compost.

By composting your organic wastes, you can both return the fertile materials to the soil and reduce the waste in your kitchen by 75%. We asked our plant consultant Ayşem Gündüz about all the details of the compost process from A to Z.

compost what?

We call composting the process of transforming our garbage, which is formed in our house, into a soil full of minerals, that is, fertilizer. In other words, compost is the name of reintroducing the fruits and vegetables that come to our house from the soil to the soil. The art of making soil out of garbage! With the compost process, anyone who wants can reach the zero waste goal in their own home and return these rich materials to the soil.

What wastes can be used in making compost?

First, start by separating your garbage into organic and inorganic materials. For this, you can put a dustbin on the kitchen counter and collect your fruit and vegetable wastes and egg shells in this bucket.

For the compost process, substances that will provide moisture and prevent odor by maintaining the balance of the compost are needed. Nitrogen; that is, green wastes provide moisture and carbon in the compost; in other words, brown wastes prevent odor by providing the balance of the compost. So how can we recognize nitrogen (green waste) and carbon (brown waste)?


  • Green waste (vegetables, greens, onion skins...)
  • Rotting vegetables
  • Eggshell
  • Coffee and/or tea pulp
  • End-of-life cut flowers


  • Cardboard, cardboard (you can use cargo packages.)
  • Fruit waste and/or pulp
  • dried leaves
  • newspaper
  • Nut shells
  • sawdust and/or soil
  • The rest is air, water and heat!

Which wastes are not used?

  • Cat and dog feces
  • Meat, fat, fish, dairy products and bone
  • Chemically treated garden waste
  • Excess wastes of fruits such as oranges, tangerines, lemons (Citrus fruits also make the compost mixture acidic due to their acidic properties.)

So how is compost made?

You can start by choosing a compost bin. You can either buy this bin or make your own compost bin by drilling a hole in an existing trash bin in your own home, preferably 90 cm × 120 cm. It is important that the compost bins are perforated to ensure airflow.

You can put the compost bin in your garden if you live in a detached house, in the garden of the apartment or on your balcony if you live in an apartment. The compost bin should be placed in a location that will not be affected by rain or snow and will not be exposed to direct sun.

Place cardboard and cardboard at the bottom of the compost bin. Put green and other organic waste on top of it. Make sure that there is three times the brown waste of kitchen waste. This allows you to get a more successful result. The small amount of waste added to compost helps them be converted more quickly by microorganisms.

Let the compost pile aerate by mixing it once a week. With the onset of the rotting process, the compost pile begins to heat up and loses its moisture. Therefore, you can provide the moisture it needs by wetting the compost a little when necessary.

You can dump this material into the soil after the composting process is complete.

Ayşem Gündüz – Plant Consultant

Ayşem Gündüz, who studied Fashion Management at the University of Westminster after graduating from Yeditepe University Advertising Department, has worked with brands such as Unilever, Beymen, T-Box and Divarese since 2009 within agencies such as Medina Turgul and Rafineri. Gündüz is the product manager of the clothing brand Made in Love; In 2015, he left the advertising industry and took plants to the center of his life. The adventure begins with choosing plants suitable for the right place and sharing this knowledge with others; He progressed to specializing in permaculture, ecological living, urban gardening, microbiology, horticulture, medicinal and aromatic plant cultivation. Gündüz carries out plant design and consultancy with the Calm project he founded in 2016.

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